Discolorations are darker than the colour of our skin, irregular spots, appearing most often on the face and hands of adults. These spots do not cause any discomfort except that they are a visible cosmetic defect. They arise as a result of excessive production of pigmentation (melanin).

Discolorations can be divided into:

  • easy to remove: sunspots or freckles
  • difficult to remove: melasma, spots caused by injuries.

The most common causes of discolorations:

  • use of hormonal contraception
  • thyroid diseases
  • drug-induced photosensivity
  • frequent exposure to the sun and solar tanning
  • discolorations under the eyes and above the upper lip may be associated with adrenal diseases

Some discolorations disappear spontaneously, for example after pregnancy, others remain for many years. If we begin to treat discolorations, the first element of the strategy should be the use of high filter sunscreens (minimum 50 SPF).

Due to the fact that discolorations require long-term therapies, we are talking about their TREATMENT rather than removal.


Treatment of hyperpigmentation (including melasma) with FOTONA laser gives long-term, reliable effects, under the condition of strictly following the procedures recommended by the doctor. The treatments are usually performed in the season of low insolation (autumn, winter, early spring).

The use of the FOTONA Spectro SP laser helps in deep penetration of the skin to remove discolouration while ensuring safety of the procedure thanks to pulse feedback and equal pulse energy distribution, which protects against excessive overheating and tissue damage.

This laser can reach deep skin structures without damaging the epidermis!

FOTONA device belongs to the most innovative laser system in the world. It achieves maximum effect of lightening discolorations and skin tone alignment, with reduced invasiveness for the patient.


  • Within few hours after the treatment, the discoloration darkens.
  • Skin exfoliation begins 1-3 days after the procedure and usually lasts about 2 weeks.
  • Repeat treatments are recommended; the number and frequency of treatments is determined individually




  • Patients may feel a burning sensation for 1-2 hours after surgery. Usage of cold packs bring significant relief. Cold pack should be wrapped in a sterile, dry gauze (or paper towel) to prevent soaking. For stronger pain use Paracetamol 1-2 tabl.
  • For the first few days wash your skin and right after drying disinfect it with Octenisept, and use Ozonosept/Ozonella for the next 2 weeks.
  • Do not rub or scratch the treated area.
  • Some patients may experience minor bleeding . Use a sterile compression for 2-3 minutes to stop it, and then secure it with patch.


  • After 12 hours patients may apply makeup using mineral foundation, shave or take a shower.
  • Starting from 7th day after the surgery it is important to keep the skin moisturized. Apply to the treatment area baby oil several times a day for 3-5 days. This will speed healing and reduce the risk of allergic reactions (like Cetaphil cream or Cicabio).
  • For the first month after the procedure apply moisturizer with sunscreen SPF 50+ and always remember to protect from the sun by wearing hat, umbrella etc.
  • Avoid cosmetics containing alcohol for at least 2 weeks after surgery.
  • In case of appearing skin discoloration treat it with Synchroline Thiospot Intensive Cream.
  • Avoid vigorous exercise for the first week after surgery, or until first stage of healing process is completed.
  • Eliminate strong coffee, alcohol and any other substances that may lead to dehydration.



  • Sun-sensitizing medications (retinoids, tetracyclines),
  • Iron supplementation,
  • Herbs (stop using 2-3 weeks before surgery),
  • Active skin disease (psoriasis, herpes),
  • Tanning 4 weeks before treatment,
  • Waxing or tweezing 2 weeks before treatment,
  • Very dry and very sensitive skin,
  • Vitiligo,
  • The tendency to develop keloids, hypertrophic scars,
  • The use of steroids (oinment or tablets),
  • The oral use of retinoids in the last 6 months,
  • Taking Accutan in a period of last 6 months,
  • Abnormal blood clotting, the use of drugs that reduce blood clotting,
  • Epilepsy,
  • Cancer,
  • Pacemaker,
  • Hormonal and endocrine diseases like polycystic ovary syndrome or diabetes,
  • Viral infections: HIV, hepatitis,
  • Active autoimmune diseases (eg. Lupus erythematosus, scleroderma),
  • Pregnancy,
  • Breast-feeding,
  • Alcohol (24 hours before the procedure),
  • Excessive expectations of the treatment outcome.